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Key Press actions

In a Key Press action, PopClip will simulate a key press, or sequence of presses, as if it was performed by the user.

Properties

A Key Press action is defined by the presence of a key combo or key combos field, as follows:

KeyTypeDescription
key comboStringThe key combination to press, as defined in String format.
key comboIntegerIf a number is given, it is interpreted directly as a virtual key code (see below).
key combosArrayInstead of a single key combo, you can supply array of them. PopClip will press all the key combos in sequence.

Input and output

Key Press actions do not receive any input or return any output.

String format

The string format is a convenient human-readable format that can specify a key and modifiers. For example:

  • command b or command B- Hold command, and press 'b' key
  • option shift . - Hold option and shift, and press the dot key
  • command space - Hold command, and press space bar
  • f1 - The F1 key on its own with no modifiers
  • option numpad / - Hold option, press '/' key on numeric keypad
  • 0x74 - 0x74 is the hex numeric code for the Page Up key

The format is: <modifiers> <key>, where:

  • <modifiers> is optional, and can be any combination of:
ModifierKeyword
Command (⌘)command, cmd
Option (⌥)option, opt
Control (⌃)control, ctrl
Shift (⇧)shift
Numeric Keypadnumpad
  • <key> is the key to press, either:
    • A character, as printed on the key. Not case-sensitive. Examples: A, a, ;, 9.
    • A key name. The following are supported: return, space, delete, escape, left, right, down, up, and f1 ... f20.
    • A hexadecimal key code, starting with 0x. See list of codes below.
List of virtual key codes (from Apple's Events.h)
c
/*
 *  Summary:
 *    Virtual keycodes
 *  
 *  Discussion:
 *    These constants are the virtual keycodes defined originally in
 *    Inside Mac Volume V, pg. V-191. They identify physical keys on a
 *    keyboard. Those constants with "ANSI" in the name are labeled
 *    according to the key position on an ANSI-standard US keyboard.
 *    For example, kVK_ANSI_A indicates the virtual keycode for the key
 *    with the letter 'A' in the US keyboard layout. Other keyboard
 *    layouts may have the 'A' key label on a different physical key;
 *    in this case, pressing 'A' will generate a different virtual
 *    keycode.
 */
enum {
  kVK_ANSI_A                    = 0x00,
  kVK_ANSI_S                    = 0x01,
  kVK_ANSI_D                    = 0x02,
  kVK_ANSI_F                    = 0x03,
  kVK_ANSI_H                    = 0x04,
  kVK_ANSI_G                    = 0x05,
  kVK_ANSI_Z                    = 0x06,
  kVK_ANSI_X                    = 0x07,
  kVK_ANSI_C                    = 0x08,
  kVK_ANSI_V                    = 0x09,
  kVK_ANSI_B                    = 0x0B,
  kVK_ANSI_Q                    = 0x0C,
  kVK_ANSI_W                    = 0x0D,
  kVK_ANSI_E                    = 0x0E,
  kVK_ANSI_R                    = 0x0F,
  kVK_ANSI_Y                    = 0x10,
  kVK_ANSI_T                    = 0x11,
  kVK_ANSI_1                    = 0x12,
  kVK_ANSI_2                    = 0x13,
  kVK_ANSI_3                    = 0x14,
  kVK_ANSI_4                    = 0x15,
  kVK_ANSI_6                    = 0x16,
  kVK_ANSI_5                    = 0x17,
  kVK_ANSI_Equal                = 0x18,
  kVK_ANSI_9                    = 0x19,
  kVK_ANSI_7                    = 0x1A,
  kVK_ANSI_Minus                = 0x1B,
  kVK_ANSI_8                    = 0x1C,
  kVK_ANSI_0                    = 0x1D,
  kVK_ANSI_RightBracket         = 0x1E,
  kVK_ANSI_O                    = 0x1F,
  kVK_ANSI_U                    = 0x20,
  kVK_ANSI_LeftBracket          = 0x21,
  kVK_ANSI_I                    = 0x22,
  kVK_ANSI_P                    = 0x23,
  kVK_ANSI_L                    = 0x25,
  kVK_ANSI_J                    = 0x26,
  kVK_ANSI_Quote                = 0x27,
  kVK_ANSI_K                    = 0x28,
  kVK_ANSI_Semicolon            = 0x29,
  kVK_ANSI_Backslash            = 0x2A,
  kVK_ANSI_Comma                = 0x2B,
  kVK_ANSI_Slash                = 0x2C,
  kVK_ANSI_N                    = 0x2D,
  kVK_ANSI_M                    = 0x2E,
  kVK_ANSI_Period               = 0x2F,
  kVK_ANSI_Grave                = 0x32,
  kVK_ANSI_KeypadDecimal        = 0x41,
  kVK_ANSI_KeypadMultiply       = 0x43,
  kVK_ANSI_KeypadPlus           = 0x45,
  kVK_ANSI_KeypadClear          = 0x47,
  kVK_ANSI_KeypadDivide         = 0x4B,
  kVK_ANSI_KeypadEnter          = 0x4C,
  kVK_ANSI_KeypadMinus          = 0x4E,
  kVK_ANSI_KeypadEquals         = 0x51,
  kVK_ANSI_Keypad0              = 0x52,
  kVK_ANSI_Keypad1              = 0x53,
  kVK_ANSI_Keypad2              = 0x54,
  kVK_ANSI_Keypad3              = 0x55,
  kVK_ANSI_Keypad4              = 0x56,
  kVK_ANSI_Keypad5              = 0x57,
  kVK_ANSI_Keypad6              = 0x58,
  kVK_ANSI_Keypad7              = 0x59,
  kVK_ANSI_Keypad8              = 0x5B,
  kVK_ANSI_Keypad9              = 0x5C
};

/* keycodes for keys that are independent of keyboard layout*/
enum {
  kVK_Return                    = 0x24,
  kVK_Tab                       = 0x30,
  kVK_Space                     = 0x31,
  kVK_Delete                    = 0x33,
  kVK_Escape                    = 0x35,
  kVK_Command                   = 0x37,
  kVK_Shift                     = 0x38,
  kVK_CapsLock                  = 0x39,
  kVK_Option                    = 0x3A,
  kVK_Control                   = 0x3B,
  kVK_RightCommand              = 0x36,
  kVK_RightShift                = 0x3C,
  kVK_RightOption               = 0x3D,
  kVK_RightControl              = 0x3E,
  kVK_Function                  = 0x3F,
  kVK_F17                       = 0x40,
  kVK_VolumeUp                  = 0x48,
  kVK_VolumeDown                = 0x49,
  kVK_Mute                      = 0x4A,
  kVK_F18                       = 0x4F,
  kVK_F19                       = 0x50,
  kVK_F20                       = 0x5A,
  kVK_F5                        = 0x60,
  kVK_F6                        = 0x61,
  kVK_F7                        = 0x62,
  kVK_F3                        = 0x63,
  kVK_F8                        = 0x64,
  kVK_F9                        = 0x65,
  kVK_F11                       = 0x67,
  kVK_F13                       = 0x69,
  kVK_F16                       = 0x6A,
  kVK_F14                       = 0x6B,
  kVK_F10                       = 0x6D,
  kVK_F12                       = 0x6F,
  kVK_F15                       = 0x71,
  kVK_Help                      = 0x72,
  kVK_Home                      = 0x73,
  kVK_PageUp                    = 0x74,
  kVK_ForwardDelete             = 0x75,
  kVK_F4                        = 0x76,
  kVK_End                       = 0x77,
  kVK_F2                        = 0x78,
  kVK_PageDown                  = 0x79,
  kVK_F1                        = 0x7A,
  kVK_LeftArrow                 = 0x7B,
  kVK_RightArrow                = 0x7C,
  kVK_DownArrow                 = 0x7D,
  kVK_UpArrow                   = 0x7E
};

/* ISO keyboards only*/
enum {
  kVK_ISO_Section               = 0x0A
};

/* JIS keyboards only*/
enum {
  kVK_JIS_Yen                   = 0x5D,
  kVK_JIS_Underscore            = 0x5E,
  kVK_JIS_KeypadComma           = 0x5F,
  kVK_JIS_Eisu                  = 0x66,
  kVK_JIS_Kana                  = 0x68
};

Wait between key presses

By default, PopClip does not wait between key presses. To add a delay, put wait <milliseconds> in the key combos array. For example, wait 100 will wait 100 milliseconds. (See example below.)

Examples

A simple key press to make text bold in most editors:

yaml
#popclip
name: Bold
icon: B
key combo: command b

Pressing a sequence of keys:

yaml
#popclip
name: Paste and Enter
icon: square monospaced ↵
requirements: [paste] # only show action when there is something to paste
key combos: 
- command v
- return

Pressing a sequence of keys, with a wait included:

yaml
#popclip 
name: Spotlight
before: copy # puts selected text on the clipboard
key combos:
- command space
- wait 50 # waits 50 milliseconds
- command v

A "Superscript" extension, supporting a couple of different apps:

yaml
#popclip snippet to change to superscript in MS Word and Pages
name: Superscript
icon: iconify:tabler:superscript
actions:
- required apps: [com.microsoft.Word]
  key combo: command shift =
- required apps: [com.apple.iWork.Pages]
  key combo: command control +